Publications of unit Solar Energy in 2006.
Wienke, J.A.; Booij, A.S.;
Spray deposition of oxides at ambient atmosphere, Part 1: Transparent conductive oxides
ECN-M--06-097 EN november 2006; 0 pag.
Presented at: Thüringer Grenz- und Oberflächentage, Oberhof, Germany, 13-14 september 2006.
 
Lenzmann, F.O.;
Spray deposition of oxides at ambient atmosphere, Part 2: Compact TiO2 layers as a model for the investigation of an alternative solid state concept for dye solar cells
ECN-M--06-099 EN november 2006; 5 pag.
Presented at: Thüringer Grenz- und Oberflächentage, Oberhof, Germany, 13-14 september 2006.
 
O'Regan, B.C.; Bakker, N.J.; Kroeze, J.; Smit, H.J.P.; Sommeling, P.M.; Durrant, J.R.;
Measuring charge transport from transient photovoltage rise times; a new tool to investigate electron transport in nanoparticle films
ECN-W--06-016 EN november 2006; 6 pag.
Published in: Journal of Physical Chemistry B (American Chemical Society), 2006, Ed.110, p.17155-17160.
 
Veltkamp, A.C.; Wild - Scholten, M.J. de;
Dye sensitised solar cells for large-scale photovoltaics; the determination of environmental performances
ECN-RX--06-063 EN oktober 2006; 5 pag.
Presented at: Renewable Energy 2006, Chiba, Japan, 9-13 oktober 2006.
 
Alsema, E.A.; Wild - Scholten, M.J. de; Fthenakis, V.M.;
Environmental impacts of PV electricity generation - a critical comparison of energy supply options
ECN-RX--06-016 EN september 2006; 7 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Geerligs, L.J.; Manshanden, P.; Solheim, I.; Ovrelid, E.J.; Waernes, A.N.;
Impact of common metallurgical impurities on mc-Si solar cell efficiency: p-type versus n-type doped ingots
ECN-RX--06-020 EN september 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Geerligs, L.J.; Tool, C.J.J.; Kinderman, R.; Röver, I.; Wambach, K.; Kopecek, R.; Buck, T.; Libal, J.; Petres, R.; Fath, P.; Sánchez-Friera, P.; Alonso, J.; Acciarri, M.; Binetti, S.; Pizzini, S.;
N-type solar grade silicon for efficient p+n solar cells: overview and main results of the EC NESSI project
ECN-RX--06-021 EN september 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Geerligs, L.J.; Coletti, G.; Macdonald, D.;
On accurate and quantitative measurements of iron-concentration in multicrystalline silicon by iron-boron pair dissociation
ECN-RX--06-022 EN september 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Wild - Scholten, M.J. de; Alsema, E.A.; Horst, E.W. ter; Bächler, M.; Fthenakis, V.M.;
A cost and environmental impact comparison of grid-connected rooftop and ground-based PV systems
ECN-RX--06-024 EN september 2006; 6 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Sinke, W.C.; Coso, Gonzalo del; Canizo, C. del;
Crystalline silicon PV technology roadmapping in the CRYSTALCLEAR Integrated Project
ECN-RX--06-025 EN september 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Lenzmann, F.O.; Es-Sbai, J.; Goris, M.J.A.A.; Sommeling, P.M.; Bakker, N.J.; Smit, H.J.P.; Roosmalen, J.A.M. van; Smits, J.J.T.; Kuipers, H.P.C.E.;
An alternative approach to solid state dye solar cells; recent developments and discussion of a concept based on direct regeneration of the dye by metallic conductors
ECN-RX--06-027 EN september 2006; 3 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Tool, C.J.J.; Koppes, M.; Weeber, A.W.; Fleuster, M.; van Straaten, B.H.M.;
Almost 1% absolute efficiency increase in mc-Si solar cell manufacturing with simple adjustments to the processing sequence
ECN-RX--06-028 EN september 2006; 5 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Löffler, J.; Devilee, C.; Geusebroek, M.; Soppe, W.J.; Muffler, H.J.;
Deposition of µc-Si:H by Microwave PECVD - Influence of process conditions on layer properties
ECN-RX--06-029 EN september 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Coletti, G.; Mulder, C.L.; Galbiati, G.; Geerligs, L.J.;
Reduced Effect of B-O Degradation on Multicrystalline Silicon Wafers Compared to Czochralski Silicon Wafers
ECN-RX--06-030 EN september 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Coletti, G.; Geerligs, L.J.; Manshanden, P.; Riepe, S.; Warta, W.; Arumughan, J.; Kopecek, R.;
Multicrystalline Float Zone Silicon with Fe and Mo Impurities: Solar Cell Process and Lifetime Studies
ECN-RX--06-031 EN september 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Coletti, G.; Borg, N.J.C.M. van der; Iuliis, S. de; Tool, C.J.J.; Geerligs, L.J.;
Mechanical Strength of Silicon Wafers depending on Wafer Thickness and Surface Treatment
ECN-RX--06-032 EN september 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Broek, K.M.; Jong, P.C. de; Kloos, M.J.H.; Nieuwenhof, M.A.C.J. van den; Bots, T.L.; Meuwissen, M.H.H.; Steijvers, H.L.A.H.;
Testing Interconnections using Conductive Adhesives for Application in PV Modules
ECN-RX--06-033 EN september 2006; 6 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Weeber, A.W.; Kinderman, R.; Tool, C.J.J.; Jong, P.C. de;
17% cell efficiencies on large back-contacted multi-crystalline silicon solar cells
ECN-RX--06-034 EN september 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Weeber, A.W.; Tool, C.J.J.; Manshanden, P.; Tathgar, O.; Gjerstad, M.; McCann, M.; Raabe, B.; Huster, F.; Fath, P.; Ponce-Alcantara, S.; Coello, J.; Canizo, C. del; Roberts, S.; Bruton, T.M.; Heasman, K.C.; Nagel, H.; Lenkeit, B.; Schmidt, W.; Russell, R.; Devenport, S.;
Record cell efficiencies on mc-Si and a roadmap towards 20%, the EC project TOPSICLE
ECN-RX--06-035 EN september 2006; 6 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Romijn, I.G.; Koppes, M.; Kossen, E.J.; Tool, C.J.J.; Weeber, A.W.;
High efficiencies on mc-Si solar cells enabled by industrial firing through rear side passivating SiNx:H
ECN-RX--06-036 EN september 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Winderbaum, S.; Romijn, I.G.; Sterk, D.; Straaten, B. van;
MW PECVD a-SixNyHz: The road to optimum silicon nitride coatings
ECN-RX--06-038 EN september 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Meuwissen, M.; Nieuwenhof, M. van den; Steijvers, H.L.A.H.; Bots, T.L.; Broek, K.M.; Kloos, M.J.H.;
Simulation assisted design of a PV module incorporating electrically conductive adhesive interconnections
ECN-RX--06-039 EN september 2006; 6 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Lenkeit, B.; Russell, R.; Wild - Scholten, M.J. de; Nagel, H.; Schmidt, W.; Weeber, A.W.; Tool, C.J.J.; Tathgar, H.; Gjerstad, Ø.; McCann, M.; Raabe, B.; Huster, F.; Canizo, C. del; Roberts, S.; Bruton, T.M.;
Evaluation of high-efficiency mc-Si cell processing technologies regarding environmental impact and industrial applicability
ECN-RX--06-040 EN september 2006; 7 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Terrazzoni-Daudrix, V.; Haug, F.J.; Ballif, C.; Fischer, D.; Soppe, W.J.; Andreu, J.; Fahland, M.; Roth, K.; Topic, M.; Wilford, T.;
The European Project FLEXCELLENCE Roll to Roll technology for the production of high efficiency low cost thin-film solar cells
ECN-RX--06-048 EN september 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Burgers, A.R.; Gutjahr, A.; Schönecker, A.; Seren, S.; Hahn, G.; Manshanden, P.; Laas, L.J.;
Record 13% efficiency screen printed silicon solar cells on Ribbon Growth on Substrate (RGS) material
ECN-RX--06-049 EN september 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Buck, T.; Kopecek, R.; Libal, J.; Herguth, A.; Peter, K.; Rover, I.; Wambach, K.; Geerligs, L.J.;
Industrial screen printed n-type silicon solar cells with front boron emitter and efficiencies exceeding 17%
ECN-RX--06-050 EN september 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Wild - Scholten, M.J. de; Alsema, E.A.;
Energetische bewertung von PV-modulen
ECN-V--07-001 DU september 2006; 3 pag.
Published in: Erneuerbare Energien (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Erneuerbare Energie), 2006, Ed.september, p.66-68.
 
Wienke, J.A.; Goris, M.J.A.A.; Geyer, V.; Dam, R. van; Schuh, N.;
CdS layer optimization for CuInS2 solar cells based on coated glass beads
ECN-RX--06-046 EN september 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 september 2006.
 
Wild - Scholten, M.J. de; Alsema, E.A.;
Environmental Life Cycle Inventory of Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic System Production - Excel File
ECN-E--06-019 EN augustus 2006; 0 pag.
 
Lenkeit, B.; Russell, R.; Weeber, A.W.; Wild - Scholten, M.J. de;
TOPSICLE Towards 20 Percent mc-Si Industrial Solar Cell Efficiency - Final Environmental Assessment - Excel file
ECN-E--06-015 EN augustus 2006; 0 pag.
 
Mihailetchi, V.D.; Geerligs, L.J.; Iuliis, S. de;
N-type silicon solar cell with Al back junction: results and modeling
ECN-M--06-079 EN augustus 2006; 5 pag.
Presented at: 16th Workshop on Crystalline Silicon Solar Cell Materials and Processes, Denver CO, USA, 6-9 augustus 2006.
 
Coletti, G.; Geerligs, L.J.; Manshanden, P.; Riepe, S.; Warta, W.; Arumughan, J.; Kopecek, R.;
Impact of Mo and Fe multicrystalline float zone silicon solar cells
ECN-M--06-080 EN augustus 2006; 5 pag.
Presented at: 16th Workshop on Crystalline Silicon Solar Cell Materials and Processes, Denver CO, USA, 6-9 augustus 2006.
 
Sommeling, P.M.; Aart, F. van; O'Regan, B.C.; Haswell, R.R.; Smit, H.J.P.; Bakker, N.J.; Smits, J.J.T.; Kroon, J.M.; Roosmalen, J.A.M. van;
Influence of a TiCl4 post-treatment on nanocrystalline TiO2 films in dye-sensitized solar cells
ECN-RX--06-059 EN augustus 2006; 7 pag.
Published in: Journal of Physical Chemistry B (American Chemical Society), 2006, Ed.110, p.19191-19197.
 
Wienke, J.A.; Booij, A.S.;
IZO and ITO deposition by spray pyrolysis- influence of the growth conditions on the electical and optical properties
ECN-RX--06-043 EN juni 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 6th International conference on coatings on glass and plastics, Dresden, Germany, 13-22 juni 2006.
 
Hylton, J.D.;
Wet chemical etching for crystalline silicon solar cells
ECN-RX--06-064 EN juni 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 5th International Workshop on Physical Chemistry of Wet Etching of Semiconductors PCWECS, Saarbrücken, Germany, 19-21 juni 2006.
 
Dedova, T.; Wienke, J.A.; Goris, M.J.A.A.; Krunks, M.;
Characterization of the chemical bath deposited In(OH)xSy films: Importance of the growth conditions
ECN-RX--06-044 EN juni 2006; 18 pag.
Presented at: E-MRS, European Materials Research Society, Nice, France, 29 mei 2006-2 juni 2006.
 
Ovrelid, E.; Geerligs, L.J.; Waernes, A.; Raaness, O.; Solheim, I.; Jensen, R.; Tang, K.; Santen, S.; Wiersma, B.;
Solar Grade Silicon by a Direct Metallurgical Process
ECN-RX--06-062 EN juni 2006; 12 pag.
Presented at: Silicon for the Chemical Industry VIII, Trondheim, Norway, 12-16 juni 2006.
 
Soppe, W.J.; Devilee, C.; Geusebroek, M.; Löffler, J.; Muffler, H.J.;
The effect of argon dilution on deposition of microcrystalline silicon by microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition
ECN-RX--06-015 EN juni 2006; 20 pag.
Presented at: E-MRS, European Materials Research Society, Nice, France, 29 mei 2006-2 juni 2006.
 
Burgers, A.R.; Slooff, L.H.; Roosmalen, J.A.M. van; Büchtemann, A.;
Performance of single layer luminescent concentrators with multiple dyes
ECN-RX--06-011 EN mei 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 7-12 mei 2006.
 
Burgers, A.R.; Gutjahr, A.; Laas, L.J.; Schönecker, A.; Seren, S.; Hahn, G.;
Near 13% efficiency shunt free solar cells on RGS wafers
ECN-RX--06-012 EN mei 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 7-12 mei 2006.
 
Granek, F.J.; Weeber, A.W.; Tool, C.J.J.; Kinderman, R.; Jong, P.C. de;
System approach to reduce process-induced shunts in back-contacted mc-Si solar cells
ECN-RX--06-004 EN mei 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 7-12 mei 2006.
 
Weeber, A.W.; Kinderman, R.; Tool, C.J.J.; Granek, F.J.; Jong, P.C. de;
How to achieve 17% cell efficiencies on large back-contacted mc-Si solar cells
ECN-RX--06-009 EN mei 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 7-12 mei 2006.
 
Alsema, E.A.; Wild - Scholten, M.J. de;
Environmental Impacts of Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Module Production
ECN-RX--06-041 EN mei 2006; 6 pag.
Presented at: 13th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Leuven, Belgium, 31 mei 2006-2 juni 2006.
 
Nowak, S.; Aulich, H.; Bal, J.L.; Dimmler, B.; Garnier, A.; Jongerden, G.; Luther, J.; Luque, A.; Milner, A.; Nelson, D.; Pataki, I.; Pearsall, N.; Perezagua, E.; Pietruszko, S.; Rehak, J.; Schellekens, E.; Shanker, A.; Silvestrini, G.; Sinke, W.C.; Willemsen, H.;
The European Photovoltaic Technology Platform
ECN-RX--06-075 EN mei 2006; 5 pag.
Presented at: 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 7-12 mei 2006.
 
Buck, T.; Kopecek, R.; Libal, J.; Röver, I.; Wambach, K.; Geerligs, L.J.; Sánchez-Friera, P.; Alonso, J.; Wefringhaus, E.; Fath, P.;
Large area screen printed n-type silicon solar cells with rear aluminium emitter: efficiencies exceeding 16%
ECN-RX--06-077 EN mei 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 7-12 mei 2006.
 
Buck, T.; Kopecek, R.; Libal, J.; Röver, I.; Wambach, K.; Geerligs, L.J.; Sánchez-Friera, P.; Alonso, J.; Wefringhaus, E.; Fath, P.;
Large area screen printed n-type mc-Si solar cells with b-emitter: efficiencies close to 15% and innovative module interconnection
ECN-RX--06-078 EN mei 2006; 4 pag.
Presented at: 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 7-12 mei 2006.
 
Hylton, J.D.;
Light coupling and light trapping in alkaline etched multicrystalline silicon wafers for solar cells
ECN-B--06-012 EN april 2006; 0 pag.
 
Roosmalen, J.A.M. van;
Eindrapportage Zonneceldagen 2003 - 2005
ECN-C--06-022 NL april 2006; 9 pag.
 
Slooff, L.H.; Kinderman, R.; Burgers, A.R.; Roosmalen, J.A.M. van; Büchtemann, A.; Danz, R.; Chatten, A.J.; Farell, D.; Barnham, K.W.J.;
The luminescent concentrator illuminated
ECN-RX--06-008 EN april 2006; 8 pag.
Presented at: SPIE Photonics Europe 2006, Strasbourg, France, 2-7 april 2006.
 
Sinke, W.C.;
The CrystalClear Integrated Project: Next generation crystalline silicon PV technology from lab to production
ECN-RX--06-054 EN maart 2006; 6 pag.
Presented at: 2nd Workshop on the Future Direction of Photovoltaics, Tokyo, Japan, 2-3 maart 2006.
 
Hore, S.; Vetter, C.; Kern, R.; Smit, H.J.P.; Hinsch, A.;
Influence of scattering layers on efficiency of DSSC
ECN-RX--05-151 EN maart 2006; 13 pag.
Published in: Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells (Elsevier), 2006, Ed.90, p.1176-1188.
 
Koetse, M.M.; Veenstra, S.C.; Sweelssen, J.; Hoekerd, K.T.; Schoo, H.F.M.; Kroon, J.M.;
Efficient Polymer: polymer bulk heterojunction solar cells
ECN-RX--05-100 EN februari 2006; 3 pag.
Published in: Applied Physics Letters (American Institute of Physics), 2006, Ed.88, p.-.
 
Wild - Scholten, M.J. de; Alsema, E.A.;
Environmental Life Cycle Inventory of Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Module Production - Excel file
ECN-C--06-002 EN 2006; 0 pag.
 
Alsema, E.A.; Wild - Scholten, M.J. de;
Environmental impacts of crystalline silicon photovoltaic module production
ECN-RX--06-010 EN 2006; 10 pag.
Presented at: Materials Research Society Fall 2005 Meeting, Boston, USA, 28 november 2005-2 december 2005.
 
Wild - Scholten, M.J. de; Alsema, E.A.;
Environmental Life Cycle Inventory of Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Module Production
ECN-RX--06-005 EN 2006; 14 pag.
Presented at: Materials Research Society Fall 2005 Meeting, Boston, USA, 28 november 2005-2 december 2005.