With the ?SCOPE 2030? project VROM-DGW (Department of Housing, SpatialPlanning and Environment) wants to know what are the necessary steps
to get going an energy transition in the built environment en which
role it plays in that. There is chosen for three transition paths as
technical extremes to reduce CO2-emission in the built environment:
1. Maximal insulation and minimal installations
2. Local production of renewable energy
3. Central produced renewable or climate neutral energy carriers.
ECN has calculated what CO2-reduction in 2030 with respect to 1990 is
possible with the three transition paths en what are the costs. Also
ECN describes the key changes that are necessary to realize the transition
paths, the actors that play a role in that, and the attitude of the
actors against the key changes.