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Titel:
Pretreatment and Fractionation of Wheat Straw by an Acetone-Based Organosolv Process
 
Auteur(s):
 
Gepubliceerd door: Publicatie datum:
ECN Biomassa, Kolen en Milieuonderzoek 18-10-2010
 
ECN publicatienummer: Publicatie type:
ECN-W--10-047 Artikel wetenschap tijdschrift
 
Aantal pagina's:
10  

Gepubliceerd in: Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. (), , 2010, Vol.49, p.10132-10140.

Samenvatting:
Acetone-based organosolv fractionation of wheat straw was studied to produce sugars and lignin in a lignocellulose biorefinery. The influence of acetone-water ratio, reaction time, and temperature on fractionation degree, lignin yield, and enzymatic digestibility of the cellulose fraction was examined. The solvent-water ratio was found to influence delignification and hemicellulose hydrolysis by its effect on lignin solubility and pH. Organosolv treatment in 50:50% w/w acetone-water during 1 h at 205 ?C resulted in 82% hemicelluloses hydrolysis, 79% delignification, and 93% cellulose recovery. A substantial part of the sugars formed upon hemicellulose hydrolysis seems to have reacted further including possible formation of lignin-furfural condensation products. Finally, aqueous acetone pretreatment was found to substantially improve the enzymatic digestibility of the cellulose fraction (glucose yield: up to 87% vs 16% for untreated wheat straw).


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