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Titel:
Availability and leaching of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Controlling processes and comparison of testing methods
 
Auteur(s):
Roskam, G.D.; Comans, R.N.J.
 
Gepubliceerd door: Publicatie datum:
ECN Biomassa, Kolen en Milieuonderzoek 15-9-2010
 
ECN publicatienummer: Publicatie type:
ECN-W--09-066 Artikel wetenschap tijdschrift
 
Aantal pagina's:
8  

Gepubliceerd in: Waste Management (Elsevier), , 2009, Vol.29 , p.136-142.

Samenvatting:
We have studied the availability and leaching of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from two contaminated materials, a tar-containing asphalt granulate (R16 US-EPA PAHs 3412 mg/kg) and gasworks soil (RPAHs 900 mg/kg), by comparing results from three typical types of leaching tests: a column, sequential batch, and two different availability tests. The sequential batch test was found to largely resemble the column test. However, the leaching of particularly the larger PAHs (>5 aromatic rings) was found to be enhanced in the batch test by up to an order of magnitude, probably due to their association with large DOC (dissolved organic carbon) molecules generated by the vigorous mixing. The release of PAHs in the two availability tests, in which the leaching is facilitated by either a high concentration of DOC or Tenax resin, was similar, although the latter test was easier to perform and yielded more repeatable results. The availability was much higher than the amount leached in the column and sequential batch tests. However, biodegradation had apparently occurred in the column test and the total amount of PAHs released by either leaching or biodegradation, 9% and 26% for asphalt granulate and gasworks soil, respectively, did equal the amount leached in the availability tests. Therefore, the availability was found to provide a relevant measure of the PAH fraction that can be released from the solid phase. These results stress the importance of using the available instead of the total amount of contaminant in the risk analysis of solid materials in utilization or disposal.


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