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The inclusion of Mo, Nb and Ta in Pt and PtRu carbon supported electrocatalysts in the quest for impreved CO tolerant PEMFC anodes
Gepubliceerd door: Publicatie datum:
ECN SF 1-9-2002
ECN publicatienummer: Publicatie type:
ECN-RX--03-002 Artikel wetenschap tijdschrift
Aantal pagina's:

Gepubliceerd in: Electrochimica Acta (Elsevier), , , Vol., p.-.

The effect of the inclusion of Mo, Nb and Ta in Pt and PtRu carbon supportedanode electrocatalysts on CO tolerance in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) has been investigated by cyclic voltammetry and fuel cell tests. CO stripping voltammetry on binary PtxM / C (M: Mo, Nb, Ta) reveals partial oxidation of the CO adlayer at low potential, with PtMo(4:1) / C exhibiting the lowest value. At 80 ┬║C, the operating temperature of the fuel cell, CO oxidation was observed at potentials close to 0 V vs. RHE. No significant difference for CO electro-oxidation at the lower potential limit, compared to PtRu / C, was observed for PtRuMy / C (M: Mo, Nb). Fuel cell tests demonstrated that while all the prepared catalysts exhibited enhanced performance compared to Pt / C, only the addition of a relatively small amount of Mo to PtRu results in an electrocatalyst with a higher activity, in the presence of carbon monoxide, to PtRu / C, the current catalyst of choice for PEM fuel cell applications.

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