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Titel:
Biomass for greenhouse gas emission reduction task 7 : energy technology characterisation
 
Auteur(s):
 
Gepubliceerd door: Publicatie datum:
ECN Beleidsstudies 1-1-2000
 
ECN publicatienummer: Publicatie type:
ECN-C--99-078 ECN rapport
 
Aantal pagina's: Volledige tekst:
49 Download PDF  (347kB)

Samenvatting:
Input data for the biomass module of the MATTER 4.2 model, a MARKALenergy and materials systems engineering model for Western Europe, are given. The model is applied within the BRED study to determine the optimal use of biomass for energy and materials from cradle to grave. The structure of the biomass module is comprehensively described in a separate report. This report is the result of Task 7 in the project 'Techno-economic characterisation of energy recovery and disposal options'. The separate sections cover electricity production from biomass, biomass heat, biofuels and gaseous fuels. The results will be presented in the final report of the project. Biomass can be used to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It can either be used as an energy source or it can be used to substitute materials. It can also be used in a sequence of both applications: first as a material and second as an energy source. This report focuses on biomass energy applications in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The processes dealt with in this report are bio-energy conversion technologies and agricultural and domestic waste disposal options. The separate sections cover electricity production from biomass, biomass heat, biofuels and gaseous fuels (e.g. from anaerobic digestion). The most important differences, when comparing these data with former ones, are: the improvement of electrical efficiency; the addition of CO2 removal option in biomass electricity production; the inclusion of new processes such as; Dimethyl ether (DME); Pyrolysis to oil (fast pyrolysis);Fischer Tropsch; ETBE production from bio-ethanol; and Hydrogasification. 135 refs.


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