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Titel:
Joint implementation met Midden- en Oost-Europa: mogelijkheden en beperkingen bij de realisatie van de Nederlandse CO2-reductiedoelstelling in de periode 2000-2010
 
Auteur(s):
 
Gepubliceerd door: Publicatie datum:
ECN Beleidsstudies 1997
 
ECN publicatienummer: Publicatie type:
ECN-C--97-078 ECN rapport
 
Aantal pagina's: Volledige tekst:
93 Download PDF  (11638kB)

Samenvatting:
The potential contribution of Joint Implementation (JI) with Central andEastern European Countries (CEEC) to the Dutch CO2 emission reduction target for the year 2010 has been analysed. By means of of a macro-analysis, based on supply and demand curves for CO2 reduction, it was found that a substantial JI potential of 1200 to 2000 million ton emission reduction in CEEC is available. The position of the Netherlands on a JI market might be competitive given the relatively high CO2 abatement costs for reaching the substantial reduction target of 10% reduction with respect to 1990. It was estimated that the Netherlands could achieve 30-50% of their planned reductions of 52 Mton in the year 2010 by conducting JI projects in CEEC. Most expected competitors on a JI market are the United States, Japan, Australia, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Italy, Denmark and Austria. However, the potential competition is highly depending on the level of the reduction targets for each individual country. The largest JI potentials in CEEC can be found in Russia and to a lesser extent in Poland, Ukraine, the Czech Republic, Romania and Bulgaria. Given the high investment risks in Russia and Ukraine and the expected measures which need to be undertaken by Poland and the Czech Republic itself to fulfill their own reduction targets, it was recommended to focus on JI projects in Romania and Bulgaria. Finally, it was concluded that the JI potential in CEEC highly depends on various yet undetermined factors such as the level of the reduction targets, the baseline methodology, credit sharing and the contribution of non-Annex 1 countries. 43 refs.


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