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Energy demand and supply in Bulgaria and Haskovo region: technical report for the Phare Project 'Energy concept/regional energy centre for the pilot region of Haskovo'
Gepubliceerd door: Publicatie datum:
ECN Beleidsstudies 1997
ECN publicatienummer: Publicatie type:
ECN-C--97-067 ECN rapport
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The analysis of the collected data presented provides a characterizationof the energy supply and energy demand in relation to socio-economic activities in the region of Haskovo, Bulgaria, in comparison with the national situation. Physical, economic, demographic or other indicators have been used to characterize energy consumption by service in consumer categories and to assess both regional and national energy balances. The Haskovo region locates the Maritsa East mines which produce about 70% of national coal production and are considered to be profitable. The mines provide lignite to the main briquette factory in the country, in Galabovo, and to three thermal power plants which generate almost one third (40 PJ) of the national electricity production. The power plants are in unsatisfactory condition, but rehabilitation seems likely and profitable. The rehabilitation plans include flue gas desulphurisation measures, which are necessary: approximately half of the national SO2 emissions and more than 90% of Haskovo SO2 emissions originate in Maritsa East complex. Regional energy demand and fuel mix are quite similar to those of the country as a whole and dropped 60% over the period 1990-1993 to a level of 36 PJ. The share of industry in final energy demand decreased from 77% to 68%. Haskovo industry can be characterised as about 20% less energy intense than the national industry. However, this is not due to a more energy efficient production but due to a different sectoral structure of industry. Industrial branches which are well developed in the region are food, textile, chemicals, and machinery. Due to low prices of heat and electricity and worsening economic conditions, final energy intensity is increasing again after having dropped substantially. In the industry in Haskovo, energy intensity increased alarmingly, due to a recovery and thus relative increase of energy intense chemical and basic metal industry. Based on estimated energy saving potentials due to high volume of energy demand and relatively high specific energy consumption, municipalities have been prioritized as a background for the bottom-up assessment of municipal energy saving potentials. A socio-economic characterization of municipalities, made by the Regional Office in Haskovo, served as an economic context for prioritization. 38 figs., 22 tabs., 14 refs., 5 appendices

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