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De grensoverschrijdende CO2-reductie door afvalbeleid
Gepubliceerd door: Publicatie datum:
ECN Beleidsstudies 1996
ECN publicatienummer: Publicatie type:
ECN-C--96-024 ECN rapport
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Dutch waste policies aim at 3.5 to 4.5 Mt CO2 emission reduction in theyear 2000, compared to the reference situation 1989/1990. The calculation of waste policy effects is complicated because part of the emission reduction is realized abroad. Some waste types are recycled abroad (e.g. steel scrap), while in the Netherlands part of the recycling activity results in reduced primary production abroad (e.g. paper). The reverse also occurs: foreign waste policies result in CO2 emission reduction in the Netherlands. A method to calculate such transboundary effects is discussed and applied to aluminium, glass, plasticized paper/board and steel scrap. The impact of transboundary effects, compared to the reference year 1989, is calculated. The results show that a significant net emission reduction takes place abroad. The total effect is approximately 1.5 Mt additional net export of emission reduction in 1994, compared to the reference year 1989. 2 figs., 21 tabs., 23 refs., 3 appendices

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