oil palm empty fruit bunch, pith (#2897)

ID-number#2897
Materialoil palm empty fruit bunch, pith
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ food industry waste
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [580] overig ▸ [584] oliezadenmeel, cake of schroot - residu vanvetten en oliën
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-02-25
RemarksEmpty fruit bunch branch containes 57.5% moisture and had a HHV of 18100 kJ/kg.
LiteratureR. Omar, A. Idris, R. Yunus, K. Khalid, M.I. Aida Isma: Characterization of empty fruit bunch for microwave assisted pyrolysis. Fuel 90 (2011) 1536-1544.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 82.60
Ash content wt% 1.31 7.54
Volatile matter wt% 12.39 71.20 77.01
Fixed carbon wt% 3.70 21.26 22.99 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 7.24 41.61 45.00 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 1.03 5.92 6.40 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.04 0.23 0.25 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.17 0.98 1.06 Measured
Oxygen wt% 7.61 43.72 47.29 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 0.19 12.71 13.75
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 2.44 14.00 15.14
HHVMilne MJ/kg 2.91 16.70 18.06 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 23.70 Measured
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 21.60 Measured
Lignin wt% (dry) 29.20 Measured
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 82.04 Calculated

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 1.12
SiO2 wt% (ash) 49.10
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 1.28
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.46
CaO wt% (ash) 6.53
Na2O wt% (ash) 1.25
K2O wt% (ash) 12.80